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Strategie di riduzione del particolato
Particulate matter reduction in Eindhoven


R. Vervoort1, T. van Hooff2, B. Blocken2, R. Gijsbers3

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Abstract

Traffic is one of the main sources of particulate matter, PM, inside urban areas. This paper provides a preliminary assessment of the potential to reduce outdoor PM concentrations by local removal inside semi-enclosed parking garages. A computational fluid dynamics, CFD, case study is conducted for the city center of Eindhoven (the Netherlands), including ESP (electrostatic precipitators) units in 16 parking garages. Although the study has some limitations, it can be concluded that local removal of PM in parking garages can be an effective strategy towards higher outdoor air quality. Further research will focus on the limitations of the current study. In addition, thermal effects can be included in future studies. In this way, the dispersion of emissions can be taken into account in a more accurate way and different meteorological situations can be analyzed. While the current research work and suggestions will certainly not solve the PM city problem completely, at least it can be a significant step in the right direction.

Keywords

air quality, air pollution, fine dust, particulate matter, computational fluid dynamics (CFD), electrostatic precipitation, positive ionization, urban physics

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